Horse Racing History
Horse Racing is probably one of the oldest sports and the tradition dates back to the Roman Empire.
Roman Soldiers invaded our island and organised the tournaments around 200ad.
Officially the first horse race was dated around the 1100’s and was ran in Smithfield which is a suburb of London during a Horse Fair.
The first Horse Racing trophy was given out at a Horse Fair in Chester around the 1500’s for the winner of that race.
In 1654 Oliver Cromwell banned Horse Racing. One of the reasons was he believed that men of England should take up sports such as Archery as he felt that these were more useful.
When Oliver Cromwell passed away Charles the 2nd commissioned a plate in the town of Newmarket.
One of his rules stated that 20 shillings from the winnings should be donated to the poor and 20 shillings should go to the maintenance of the course via the Clerk. When Charles the 2nd passed away his brother James the 2nd became in charge.
Queen Anne who was James the 2nd Daughter kept race horses and attended many Horse Races up and down the country.
Queen Anne founded Royal Ascot in 1711 and the first Horse Race had a prize of 100 Guineas and 7 horses competed in 4 mile heats.
The Jockey Club
In the 1700’s the Jockey Club was set up to regulate the sport and the meetings were hosted at Newmarket Race Course.
The Jockey Club is remains in charge of the Day To Day running of Horse Racing but regulation is now looked after by the British Horse Racing authority.
Jump racing originates from Ireland where the horses needed to be much stronger usually Jump Racing Horses start of life training as Flat Racing Horses progressing to hurdles in later life.
Royal Ascot is one of the most memorable days in the Racing Calendar which requires attendees to abide by a strict dress code.
Over 300,000 spectators make the way to Ascot each year which makes the event the most visited event in Europe.
Aintree Grand National
The first Grand National was raced at Aintree Racecourse in Liverpool in 1839. Lottery was the name of the horse that won the first ever race with Captain Becher falling at the world-famous brook surprisingly the name of this particular section is call Bechers Brook.
A Gentleman called William Lynn founded the course and leased the land from the Earl of Sefton.
The Grand National has created many milestones one of them being a horse named Manifesto has ran the most races at this famous competition.
Grand National Facts
The youngest winning jockey is 17 and he was riding the smallest ever horse named battleship.
The oldest jockey Dick Saunders was 48 riding Grittar in 1982 he retired after his first and only race.
The first woman to train a winner at the Grand National was Jenny Pitman who trained a horse named Corbiere in 1983.
In 1928 only 2 horses managed to finish the Grand National they were Tipperary Tim and Billy Barton.
More recently only 4 horses out of 40 starting, finished in 2001
In 1993 the race had to be cancelled due to a false start. None of the Jockeys realised and just carried on therefore none of the horses were declared winners.
The famous horse Red Rum won the Grand National 3 times this was in 1973, 1974 and 1977. Red Rum came second in 1975 and 1976
In 1995 Red Rum died at the age of 30 and is buried at Aintree Racecourse near to the winning post.
The 2019 Aintree Grand National
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